• Track Two

Gorbachev - A Complex Life and Legacy (1931 - 2022)

Updated: Sep 6


On Tuesday, August 30, 2022 the last leader of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev, passed away in a Moscow hospital at the age of ninety-one. The former leader, a key figure in the Cold War and all that followed, leaves behind a complex legacy, with a broad spectrum of perspectives on his influence within the former Soviet Union and throughout the greater global community.


Within the diplomatic community Gorbachev leaves behind a tradition of cross border collaboration. Without his influence, Track Two's early days of pioneering citizen diplomacy (then as the Esalen Soviet-American Exchange Program) would not have been possible.


Here, we've curated a selection of resources on this influential - but controversial - figure in the shared history of the former Soviet Union and the West.




HISTORICAL CONTEXT


Memories of Mikhail Gorbachev—and a unique time in Russia in history

By Rose Gottemoeller // Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists






Mikhail Gorbachev, in his words and the words of others

By John Mecklin and Mikhail Gorbachev // Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists



The Great Gorby: How a country received freedom and didn’t use it

By Andrey Kolesnikov // Russia.Post



Document: The Revolution and Perestroika

By Mikhail S. Gorbachev // Foreign Affairs






The Day Gorbachev Made D.C. Stand Still

By Maureen Dowd // The New York Times





VARIED GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES




Mikhail Gorbachev’s Enduring Example

By David Remnick // The New Yorker







Gorbachev And The Many Directions He Proffered To The World

By Grigory Yavlinksky // Yabloko






Mikhail S. Gorbachev, Reformist Soviet Leader, Is Dead at 91

By Marilyn Berger





Praise and Blame:
How Russia Reacted to the Death of Gorbachev

By Leyla Latypova // The Moscow Times




The USSR’s final leader is beloved by many in the West but a contentious figure at home. Here’s how Mikhail Gorbachev is being remembered.

Published By Meduza




Scholar Artemy Kalinovsky suggests a Shakespearian perspective on Mikhail Gorbachev’s legacy

By Artemy Kalinovsky // Meduza







Mikhail Gorbachev 1931 - 2022

Published By RT






Gorbachev: Conflicted Catalyst of Cold War’s End

By Thomas Graham // Council on Foreign Relations






How the West Still Misunderstands Gorbachev

By Sumantra Maita // The National Interest





The tragedy of Mikhail Gorbachev

By Anatol Lieven // Responsible Statecraft






Mikhail Gorbachev, the Fundamentally Soviet Man

By Masha Gessen // The New Yorker





Gorbachev’s Legacy

By Katrina vanden Heuvel // The Nation





Mikhail Gorbachev: The contradictory legacy of Soviet leader who attempted ‘revolution from above’

By Ronald Suny // The Conversation




Gorbachev remembered: Respected in the West, detested in Russia

By Alexander Hill // The Conversation






Mikhail Gorbachev’s legacy: sadly, his tory will judge this good man harshly

By Alexander Titov // The Conversation






Gorbachev Freed the Soviet Union but Could Not Save It

By Serge Schmemann // The New York Times




RELEVANCE TODAY



Assessing the impact of Mikhail Gorbachev’s leadership on his country and the world

By Graham Allison // Bulletin of the Atomic





The Tragic Heroism of Mikhail Gorbachev

By Anton Fedyashin // The National Interest







The Gorbachev Vacuum

By Michael Kimmage // Foreign Affairs






Ukraine war: how Gorbachev’s 1987 INF missile treaty has limited the arsenal available to Putin

By Dan Plesch // The Conversation







Gorbachev and glasnost: how his fragile legacy of free speech has been destroyed by Putin

By Jennifer Mathers // The Conversation






Gorbachev will be back! On the imminence of a new perestroika

By Vladislav Inozemtsev // The Insider





Not a tsar, but a man. Nikolai Svanidze on how Russia failed to embrace Gorbachev’s gift of freedom

By Nikolai Svanidze // The Insider




Gorbachev as anti-Putin: The man who destroyed fear

By Oleg Pshenichny // The Insider






‘A big blow’: Mikhail Gorbachev died shocked by Ukraine war

Published By Al Jazeera






Why Gorbachev’s legacy still threatens Putin

By Robert Horvath